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LCI at The Computer School
CS 2, 100 West 84th Street

Visual Arts Facilitator John Toth
Fall 2002

Photography
LINE OF INQUIRY:  HOW DO PHOTOGRAPHERS (BEARDON-POKOIK) USE POINTS-OF-VIEW TO REPRESENT NEIGHBORHOODS THUS AFFECTING THE WAY WE FEEL AND THINK ABOUT THE PLACE IN WHICH WE LIVE?
Brainstorming: NEIGHBORHOODS:   HOW  OUR ENVIRONMENT AFFECTS US

CS #2   Ambar Panjabi, Alyson Miller, Ben Grossman, Henry Zymeck, Bea Gurwitz, Amanda Rives

Harlem Renaissance; Maps, flags, Duke Ellington,
Rocks and minerals
Candid Vs staged photos: Framing points-of-view.
Short Stories: Apartheid, South Africa.
Honing observation skills

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POINT-OF-VIEW Birds-eye, worms-eye, eye-level points-of-view as a scientific frame of reference.
FRAMING How does framing create a sense of focus?
What acts upon life and leaves a trace of process?
How does background effect the foreground subjects?
BOUNDARIES How can photography show two different social, economic or environment points of view form the same corner of a street?
What occurs in one place over time?
CANDID / STAGED Explore the kinds of choices that occur when photographing candid and staged shots. How does body language communication meaning?
LIGHTING / MOOD Explore choices in using light to create an  emotional, political or conceptual frame of mind on the subjects in a photograph.
HISTORICAL   /CULTURAL How do cultural points-of-view reveal the system of beliefs of a country / peoples?
How can we present a similar idea expressed through artists of different cultures?
What is the historic mood of the world, city, neighborhood, etc.?
How is time revealed though fashion?
What was the "state" it was in when I got there?
UNKNOWNS What are the "unknown" conditions of our study?
Questions.....
            How can we look deeper at what is before us?
            How do we explore community interaction?
            How do artists represent choices?

Eadweard Muybridge, "Locomotion Studies"
Power of 10

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Goals...... Practice method of Visual Literacy.
            Describe... “WHAT” do you see?
            Analyze... “HOW” does the artist present visual information?
            Interpret... “WHY”?... What do you think your descriptions     mean?

1

POINT-OF-VIEW

HOW DO PHOTOGRAPHERS (BEARDON-POKOIK) USE POINTS-OF-VIEW TO REPRESENT NEIGHBORHOODS ?
Birds-eye, worms-eye, eye-level points-of-view as a scientific frame of reference.
Framing your point of reference.  What is the emotional mood of the subjects in the photograph?

artwork ......
under study

Mathew Pokoik, "New York City",
Bernice Abbott, "Manhattan Bridge"
Lewis Hine, "Steelworker"
Power of 10
. ACTIVITY ...that promotes deeper looking 
1a.
Toth lesson
Work in teams of 4 - Take a shot of from the window of someone  on the street. Then take a shot of the window from the same spot on the street. 
OR
Draw various objects from different points-of-view.
1b CS lesson Consider point-of-view as a reference to truth.   Find a moment in history or present that shows two points-of-view about a situation in conflict about different truths. (Native American point-of-view and early settlers point-of-view about natural resources.   Make a symbolic drawing that shows these resources.  Write a paragraph about your point-of-view that considers both.     Reflect on the process.
.2 FRAMING

HOW DO PHOTOGRAPHERS (BEARDON-POKOIK) USE FRAMING TO REPRESENT NEIGHBORHOODS ?
How does framing create a sense of focus?
What acts upon life and leaves a trace of process?
How does background effect the foreground subjects?

Art work ......
under study
Mathew Pokoik, "New York City",
Lewis Hines, "Herald Square"
Bernice Abbott, "Herald Square, Manhattan"
Alfred Stieglitz, " Equivalents"
ACTIVITY ...that promotes deeper looking 
2a

  Toth lesson 

Use small windows (a blank slide mount, or cut out frames) to make a drawing that frames a point-of view.
Take a close up and far-shot of someone or something. 
Try to create a relationship with the subject and the edge of the view finder frame.  
  Reflect on the process.
2b

CS   lesson               

 

Take 3 different digital / photos of something you are studying using 3 different points-of-view. Explore CLOSE-UP, FAR-AWAY views. ZOOM IN TO SHOW A GEOLOGIC DETAIL. Or a HISTORICAL detail.   Reflect on the process.

3

BOUNDARIES
HOW DO PHOTOGRAPHERS (BEARDON-POKOIK) USE BOUNDARIES TO REPRESENT NEIGHBORHOODS ?
How can photography show two different social, economic or environment points of view form the same corner of a street?
What occurs in one place over time?
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Art work ......
under study

Mathew Pokoik, "New York City",Times Square
Edward Curtis, "North American Indian"
Alfred Stieglitz, "The steerage"
. ACTIVITY ...that promotes deeper looking 
3 a

Toth lesson       

 

Draw something from 3 different points-of-view using the frame of the page as a boundary to dynamically relate the subject you are drawing to the frame of the page.
Take photos of the boundaries that you encounter every day. (consider boundaries in the street; boundaries at school, home,etc., boundaries in the sky, earth, etc. . How do you film the boundaries of your beliefs?
  Reflect on the process.
3 b

CS lesson                   

Go out side and take digital photos (or take photos using our disposable cameras) of situations that show social boundaries. (Contrasting social values should be in the same photo)   Reflect on the process.

Write about some of the social "boundary" differences between Native American and Early Colonists.  What are the clues to the differences in belief systems?   Reflect on the process.

Or take photos that represent details that could be from the original environment.   Where are the details that show the original state of the land, peoples, etc.?   Reflect on the process.

Go out side and take digital photos (or take photos using our disposable cameras) of scenes from the neighborhood at different times of the day that reveal shifting or variable boundaries..  Reflect on the process.

4

CANDID / STAGED
HOW DO PHOTOGRAPHERS (BEARDON-POKOIK) USE CANDIDS OR STAGED SITUATIONS TO REPRESENT NEIGHBORHOODS ?
Explore the kinds of choices that occur when photographing candid and staged shots.
How does body language communication meaning?
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Art work ......
under study

Dorthea Lange, "Migrant Worker
. ACTIVITY...that promotes deeper looking 
4 a

Toth lesson       

 

Ask students to create contexts for taking photos that reveal aspects of their identity. 
Photos should reveal different qualities , abilities and roles that say something about who you are.   Reflect on the process.
4 b

CS lesson                   

photograph a fellow student "dress UP" in front of a "rich" building, and then a "poor" building.  Then have students dress "down" in front of the same stores.  Reflect on the process.

5

LIGHTING / MOOD
HOW DO PHOTOGRAPHERS (BEARDON-POKOIK) USE LIGHTING / MOOD TO REPRESENT NEIGHBORHOODS ?
Explore choices in using light to create an  emotional, political or conceptual frame of mind on the subjects in a photograph.
How does light change over time and affect our mood. What effect does this have on the way we "read" a photograph?
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Art work ......
under study

Ansel Adams, "Mt. Williamson"
Lewis Hines,
Edward Steichen,
. ACTIVITY
5 a

Toth lesson       

 

Go out side and take digital photos (or take photos using our disposable cameras) of scenes from the neighborhood that occur over a period of time.
5 b

CS lesson                   

Go out side and take digital photos (or take photos using our disposable cameras) of elements from the sky over over a period of time. Consider the reference of buildings, signs, etc. within these photos.

Or take photos that represent details that could be from the original environment.   Where are the details that show the original state of the land, peoples, etc.?

6

CULTURAL
HOW DO PHOTOGRAPHERS (BEARDON-POKOIK) USE CULTURAL POINTS-OF-VIEW TO REPRESENT NEIGHBORHOODS ?
How do cultural points-of-view reveal the system of beliefs of a country / peoples?
How can we present a similar idea expressed through artists of different cultures?

Art work ......
under study

Mathew Pokoik, "New York City",
Edward Curtis, "North American Indian"
Lewis Hines,
. ACTIVITY...that promotes deeper looking 
6 a

Toth lesson

Make drawings of  cloths you see in photos suggests cultural diversity.
Or go out side and draw scenes from the neighborhood that show cultural diversity. (restaurants, churches, people, clothing)
6 b

CS lesson

Go out side and take digital photos (or take photos using our disposable cameras) of scenes from the neighborhood that show cultural diversity. (restaurants, churches, people, clothing)

Or consider how different cultures view the world scientifically.   Compare the relationship of politics and religion on scientific   points-of-view.  Make a drawing that shows these differences.

Contextual Material
Jacob Reese, How the Other Half Lives,
Lewis Hines, Kids at Work,
Rick Burns, New York City documentary
Powers of 10
Edward Curtis, Photographer,

 

www.JohnToth.net

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John Toth